What is hyperpigmentation? How does this skin disorder occur? Discover and learn some indispensable facts about hyperpigmentation and your skin problems.
Have you seen people with dark patches on their skin? The skin condition is referred as hyperpigmentation. Though it is not a life-threatening condition, it has to be diagnosed and treated with immense care to prevent it from regressing.
The medical condition is caused due to an excess production of melanin that causes dark spots on the skin. Freckles, sun spots, age spots, liver spots, and pregnancy mask are all types of hyperpigmentation treatment.
Read further to understand what remedies and medications can reduce or remove the darker skin.
A brief about hyperpigmentation
Whenever there is an excess production of melanin, it causes skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. The most common area where hyperpigmentation or dyschromia appears is the face, arms, and hands. Any brown spots in the skin is an ideal example of hyperpigmentation.
Detailed skin analysis and diagnosis
A detailed skin analysis is essential. Dermatologists investigate the severity of the condition as well as look for clues to the origin of the problem to understand if there is a separate issue that needs to be tackled. Depending on the information gathered from the patient, the skin care expert can help pinpoint if it’s a lifestyle, a medical, or genetic cause of hyperpigmentation and other skin problems.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
- UV exposure
Since UV exposure is a primary cause of the disorder, your doctor will be on the lookout for signs of melanoma. How often do you make use tanning beds and are unprotected UV exposure? Do you apply sunscreen before heading outdoors? What is the likelihood of sunburns when exposed to sun rays.
All these questions are answered to find out the actual trigger of your ailment.
Tan or brown patches characterize the condition. It is common on the face. Melasma is also found in pregnant women and is often called the “mask of pregnancy.” However, men can also develop this condition. As per scientific studies, it frequently goes away after pregnancy. Specific prescription creams can help treat this condition.
- Past medical conditions
Many medical conditions contribute to the different hyperpigmentation causes including Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease, and hypothyroidism.
- Use of birth control pills
In cases where hyperpigmentation appears in a symmetrical, mask-like manner is a form of melasma. All oral and topical medications used within the past six months, and prescription and over-the-counter products used to treat hyperpigmentation individually. In these cases, the pigmentation acts as a side effect of some medications, comprising of certain antibiotics, cancer drugs, anti-seizure drugs and more.
- Treatment of the medical disorder
The development of reducing hyperpigmentation improves the likelihood that even those with even those with challenging cases can realize improvement. The two categories of hyperpigmentation treatment are topical agents and nonsurgical skin procedures. The combination of both can deliver best and safe results.
Skin pigmentation disorders manifest through skin discoloration and are directly caused by abnormalities of the melanin content of the body. There are many factors responsible for unusual melanin content levels in the body. These internal and external factors are triggered by hormonal changes, which influences the degree of melanin that the body produces. Whether this happens during a medical procedure, or during natural processes like pregnancy, fluctuating hormones can trigger excessive melanin production.
Hydroquinone, Glyceryl Mono Para Amino Benzoate that is found in Melalite Cream helps reduce the level of melanin in the skin. You can consult your doctor if you are suffering from any skin allergies or kidney diseases. Do not modify the dosage unless your doctor advises you to do it.
A regimen involving cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing, and protecting should be strictly followed and maintained.
It can make your skin sensitive to sunlight, and you can get a sunburn easily. Avoid sunlight or artificial UV exposure such as tanning beds. If you venture out in the sun, use an effective sunscreen of SPF 15 and wear protective clothing that does not expose your skin to the harmful sun rays. The dosage is determined by the doctor keeping in mind your age, gender, and drug allergies.
Make sure you do not apply the medication on skin that is damaged due to dryness, sunburn, windburn, chapping, or irritation, or on an open wound. Depending on the sensitivity of an individual’s skin, he/she could face certain non-serious side effects which are common. In case, you experience severe side-effects, contact your doctor right away. Refrain from using hair removers or waxes and skin products containing spices, alcohol, astringents, or lime. Each time you use the Melalite Cream for hyperpigmentation treatment, use it as per the instructions of the doctor.
If you are facing such skin related problems, do not hesitate to visit your dermatologist at the earliest. Take the right treatment to cure hyperpigmentation of its cause.